Fritz Pfeffer

Fritz Pfeffer was born on April 30, 1889, in Giessen (Germany). His parents are Jewish and have a clothing store in the centre of the city. The family is religious and Fritz remains so. After high school Fritz studies to be a dentist in Berlin, where he starts a dental practice after his study. In 1926 he marries Vera Bythiner. Their son Werner is born on April 3, 1927. The marriage of Fritz Pfeffer ends in divorce in 1933. Fritz Pfeffer receives custody of his son.

Following his divorce Fritz Pfeffer meets Charlotte Kaletta. The Nurnberger Laws of 1935, outlawing marriages between Jews and non-Jews, make it impossible for them to marry. After "Kristallnacht," the night of broken glass, Fritz Pfeffer and Charlotte Kaletta decide to emigrate to the Netherlands. Here too the couple is not allowed to marry. They really want to go to South America but they are unable to leave The Netherlands. He arranges a place for Werner on a boat going to England.

Werner goes to England

After Kristallnacht, Fritz sees to it that Werner gets a place on a boat to England.                                         


The eighth person in the Annex

On November 16, 1942, the dentist Fritz Pfeffer comes to hide in the Secret Annex. He approaches Miep Gies, asking if she knows of a hiding place for him. Miep comes to Otto Frank with this question. After some discussion with the other people in hiding, as well as Johannes Kleiman and Victor Kugler, Otto decides there is enough room for one more person.


Miep the courier

In her book 'Anne Frank Remembered' Miep Gies describes how she carried letters between Fritz Pfeffer and Charlotte Kaletta: 'Once a week I would meet Charlotte Kaletta, a charming blonde woman one year older than I. She would give me letters, books, parcels and bits of dental equipment that Fritz Pfeffer had requested. She was not Jewish, and because she no longer had a Jew with her she was in no danger. I told Charlotte that I had to turn over the things she gave me to someone else, who was the one who delivered them to Fritz. I pretended to know nothing about where her fiancé was hiding. However, Charlotte was a discreet and sensitive person; she knew better than to search out information. She never asked anything of me. We exchanged letters and parcels until the next week when we would repeat the process.'


April 30, 1889

Born in Giessen (Germany).


Fritz marries Vera Bythiner.

April 3, 1927

Fritz and Vera’s son Werner is born.


Fritz and Vera divorce. Werner goes to live with his father.


Fritz and Charlotte are forbidden to marry by the Nuremberg Race Laws.

December 1938

First Fritz sends his son Werner to England on a ‘children’s transport’. After Kristallnacht he escapes to the Netherlands with Charlotte.

November 16, 1942

Fritz goes into hiding in the secret annex.

August 4, 1944

Fritz Pfeffer and the other people in hiding are arrested.

September 3, 1944

Deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp (in German-occupied Poland).

September 6, 1944

Arrival at Auschwitz. Fritz survives the selection.

October 1944

Deportation to Neuengamme concentration camp (Germany).

December 20, 1944

Fritz Pfeffer dies in Neuengamme.

End of 1945

Charlotte Kaletta discovers that Fritz is dead.


Werner leaves for the Unites States and changes his name to Peter Pepper.

April 9, 1953

The marriage between Charlotte and Fritz is retrospectively set on 31 May 1937.

February 15, 1995

Peter Pepper dies

Anne Frank Daughter of Otto and Edith, sister of Margot

Otto and Edith’s daughter, Margot’s sister Anne often plays the clown, but has a serious side too


Miep Gies Jan Gies' wife

Miep is a secretary at Otto Frank’s company, Opekta


Wat Anne over Fritz schrijft

Mijnheer Pfeffer, de man van wie altijd gezegd werd dat hij uitstekend met kinderen op kon schieten en ook van alle kinderen hield, ontpopt zich als de meest ouderwetse opvoeder en preker van ellenlange manierenreeksen.