June 6, 1900
Born in Hohenelbe (Austria-Hungary). His mother’s name is Emma, his father’s name is unknown.
January 30, 1910
Victor Kugler goes to school in Germany, and in 1916 he graduates from a vocational school for weaving.
During the First World War Kugler serves as a sailor in the Austrian navy.
Kugler is wounded in the war and discharged from military service.
Victor emigrates to the Netherlands.
In the middle of the 1920’s
Kugler begins work for a company in Utrecht which sells pectin, an ingredient used in making jam.
Victor marries Laura Maria Buntenbach, who is Dutch.
Kugler starts work at Opekta, Otto Frank’s company. He applies for Dutch citizenship.
Austria joins forces with Nazi Germany; Victor becomes a Dutch citizen.
Jews in the Netherlands are no longer allowed to own their own businesses. Otto Frank transfers his directorship to Kugler, who continues Pectacon’s trade but secretly Otto remains the boss.
July 6, 1942
The Frank family go into hiding in the secret annex. Victor becomes one of the helpers.
August 4, 1944
Kugler is arrested together with the eight people in hiding. They are all first taken to the SD (Nazi security police) headquarters on the Euterpestraat in Amsterdam. The same day Kugler and Kleiman are transferred to the prison on the Amstelveenseweg.
September 7, 1944
Kugler and Kleiman are transferred to the prison on the Weteringschans in Amsterdam.
September 11, 1944
Victor is taken together with Johannes Kleiman to Amersfoort concentration camp (the Netherlands).
At the end of March, 1945
Victor Kugler escapes during a forced march, and goes into hiding for the rest of the war.
December 6, 1952
Kugler’s wife dies.
22 October 1953
Victor marries again, to Lucie van Langen.
Kugler emigrates to Canada, and works there as an electrician and insurance agent. He also gives talks about Anne Frank in schools.
Victor Kugler receives the honour ‘Righteous among the Nations’ from Yad Vashem for his help to the people in hiding.
December 14, 1981
Kugler dies in Toronto (Canada).