The diary of Anne Frank is published in the Netherlands on 25 June 1947.

Anne Frank's diary is published

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In her diary, Otto reads about the plan Anne had to publish a book after the war about the time she spent in the Secret Annex. She had even edited and rewritten a large portion of her original diary. Initially, Otto Frank feels uncertain about the idea but he finally decides to fulfill his daughter's wish.

The diary is published

Otto Frank fulfills Anne's wish and publishes the diary.

To the timeline

A diary as a best friend

Anne can express all her feelings in her diary.

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Anne Frank, the writer

After the war, Anne wants to become a writer or journalist.

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Online store

Buy the diary, other books, DVDs, museum catalogues and postcards!

To the online store
Otto vertaalt Annes dagboek eerst zelf in het Duits
Part of the German typescript of Anne’s diary.

Two interested historians

The edited and compiled manuscript of Anne's diary, typed by Otto Frank’s hand, finds its way via a number of different contacts to the Dutch historian Jan Romein and his wife Annie Romein-Verschoor, who is also an historian. Anne Romein attempts to find a publisher, but her attempts are unsuccessful. This leads Jan Romein to write a short article about the diary. Otto Frank is not told about this in advance. The article appears on April 3, 1946 on the front page of the Dutch newspaper Het Parool, formerly the newspaper of the Resistance. A few publishers then express interest.

Artikel in Het Parool
Article "Children's voice" By historian Jan Romein in "Het Parool", April 3, 1946.

To me, however, this apparently inconsequential diary by a child... stammered out in a child's voice, embodies all the hideousness of fascism, more so than all the evidence at Nuremberg put together.

Published

The publishing company Contact in Amsterdam is finally decided upon. Pressure is exerted by the director of the company to remove a few passages from the book. He feels that Anne writes too freely about her sexuality. The company’s chief editor also makes some small changes. Het Achterhuis. Dagbrieven van 14 juni 1942 tot 1 augustus 1944 (The Secret Annex. Diary Letters from June 14, 1942 to August 1, 1944) is published on June 25, 1947. Noted in Otto’s appointment book that day is the word: Boek (Book). He later says about this moment: “If she had been here, Anne would have been so proud."

Otto’s diary marked with the date of publication

Pseudonyms

In the actual book Het Achterhuis, the real names of a few people are disguised. Looking ahead to possible publication, when Anne edited her diary, she made a list of pen names for the people she wrote about. Otto uses some of Anne's names, others he changes. In Het Achterhuis the people in hiding finally appear as:

Hermann van Pels = Mr.(Hermann) Van Daan
Auguste van Pels = Mrs. (Petronella) Van Daan
Peter van Pels = Peter van Daan
Fritz Pfeffer = Mr. (Albert) Dussel
Victor Kugler = Mr. (Harry) Kraler
Johannes Kleiman = Mr. (Simon) Koophuis
Bep Voskuijl = Elli Vossen
Miep Gies = Miep van Santen
Jan Gies = Henk van Santen

 

The first edition of Anne's diary

read other people's comments (48)

I have tears in my eyes. Thank You for witnessing

Rachel, 51 - Stowe - United States - 30 Apr 2014

May her soul rest in eternal peace as well as all the others who suffered though this period. It brings tears to my eyes just thinking about what she & others went through. Her diary is a work of art for such a young lady! I am leaving on a wide trip of Europe this month & her house will be a definite stop!

David kennedy, 67 - Tampa, Florida USA - United States - 6 Apr 2014

I would be extremely interested in reading the unedited version, just to get her personal view on how she lived through this horrific period of history. WW2 has always been quite interesting to me, but her story gave me an entirely different viewpoint on how it was to be stuck in the middle. If I could, I would thank her just for being herself through this traumatic experience.

Gavin Dvorak, 13 - Chandler - United States - 27 Feb 2014

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