The diary of Anne Frank is published in the Netherlands on 25 June 1947.
Anne Frank's diary is published
In her diary, Otto reads about the plan Anne had to publish a book after the war about the time she spent in the Secret Annex. She had even edited and rewritten a large portion of her original diary. Initially, Otto Frank feels uncertain about the idea but he finally decides to fulfill his daughter's wish.
The diary is published
Otto Frank fulfills Anne's wish and publishes the diary.
To the timeline
A diary as a best friend
Anne can express all her feelings in her diary.
Anne Frank, the writer
After the war, Anne wants to become a writer or journalist.
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Part of the German typescript of Anne’s diary.
Two interested historians
The edited and compiled manuscript of Anne's diary, typed by Otto Frank’s hand, finds its way via a number of different contacts to the Dutch historian Jan Romein and his wife Annie Romein-Verschoor, who is also an historian. Anne Romein attempts to find a publisher, but her attempts are unsuccessful. This leads Jan Romein to write a short article about the diary. Otto Frank is not told about this in advance. The article appears on April 3, 1946 on the front page of the Dutch newspaper Het Parool, formerly the newspaper of the Resistance. A few publishers then express interest.
Article "Children's voice"
By historian Jan Romein in "Het Parool", April 3, 1946.
To me, however, this apparently inconsequential diary by a child... stammered out in a child's voice, embodies all the hideousness of fascism, more so than all the evidence at Nuremberg put together.
The publishing company Contact in Amsterdam is finally decided upon. Pressure is exerted by the director of the company to remove a few passages from the book. He feels that Anne writes too freely about her sexuality. The company’s chief editor also makes some small changes. Het Achterhuis. Dagbrieven van 14 juni 1942 tot 1 augustus 1944 (The Secret Annex. Diary Letters from June 14, 1942 to August 1, 1944) is published on June 25, 1947. Noted in Otto’s appointment book that day is the word: Boek (Book). He later says about this moment: “If she had been here, Anne would have been so proud."
Otto’s diary marked with the date of publication
In the actual book Het Achterhuis, the real names of a few people are disguised. Looking ahead to possible publication, when Anne edited her diary, she made a list of pen names for the people she wrote about. Otto uses some of Anne's names, others he changes. In Het Achterhuis the people in hiding finally appear as:
Hermann van Pels = Mr.(Hermann) Van Daan
Auguste van Pels = Mrs. (Petronella) Van Daan
Peter van Pels = Peter van Daan
Fritz Pfeffer = Mr. (Albert) Dussel
Victor Kugler = Mr. (Harry) Kraler
Johannes Kleiman = Mr. (Simon) Koophuis
Bep Voskuijl = Elli Vossen
Miep Gies = Miep van Santen
Jan Gies = Henk van Santen
The first edition of Anne's diary