Right-wing extremism is growing in significance in the Netherlands.

Extreme right on the increase

That is the main conclusion of the sixth report of the Racism and Extreme Right Monitor.

Patterns

Right-wing extremist youth subcultures are becoming more of a problem, new right-wing extremist parties have been established, and the number of right-wing activists has risen. The Internet is a platform where expressions of extreme right-wing views encounter no or little obstacles. The involvement of the far right in expressions of anti-Semitism, acts of violence and cases of discrimination have also increased.

Violence after the assassination of Van Gogh

The assasination of filmmaker and columnist Theo van Gogh on November 2, 2004, has been followed by a wave of racist and right-wing extremist violence. In the month of November, 174 violent incidents were counted, an unprecedented number for the Netherlands. Muslims were the targets in over 60% of the incidents, and native Dutch people in almost 20% of them. Mosques were attacked on 47 occasions; churches 13 times.

The developments following the murder of Theo van Gogh are reported in a special annex.

Following the assassination of Theo van Gogh an islamic primary school in the town of Uden was set on fire. (Photo: AN)

Investigation and prosecution

Fewer discrimination cases came to trial in 2003; the number of defendants that were acquitted rose. The role of the police in the investigation and prosecution of discrimination cases continues to be a cause for concern.

This report was researched and written by Jaap van Donselaar (Anne Frank House and Leiden University) and Peter R. Rodrigues (Anne Frank House).

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Jaap van Donselaar and Peter R. Rodrigues, Racism & Extreme Right Monitor: sixth report. Amsterdam: Anne Frank House / Leiden University, 2004.

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