Fritz Pfeffer has a son from a previous marriage, and a fiancée the Nazis forbid him from marrying.

Fritz Pfeffer and his wife

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Fritz Pfeffer falls in love with the Catholic Charlotte Kaletta in 1937. They want to marry, but the Nazis have been in power for four years and the racial Nuremberg laws prohibit marriage between Jews and non-Jews.

 

 

 

The parting

After the widespread violence against Jews in November 1938 - Kristallnacht – Fritz and Charlotte decide to flee to the Netherlands. But here too the ‘mixed’ marriage that could save Fritz’s life is forbidden, because of a treaty regarding marital law between both countries. So they apply to emigrate – to Chile, hoping to breed horses.

But in 1940 Germany invades the Netherlands. Fritz becomes stateless and attempts to emigrate fail. When the mass deportations of Jews from Nazi-occupied Holland begin in 1942 he asks Miep Gies, one of his dental patients, if she can hide him.

‘A strict but loving father’ Fritz Pfeffer with Werner. In 1938 England still accepts Jewish refugee children, so he puts his son on a children’s transport to the UK, where one of his brothers lives.
Photo on boat Fritz Pfeffer and Charlotte Kaletta during an outing in the Netherlands, 1939

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