‘The English radio says they’re being gassed. Perhaps that’s the quickest way to die. I feel terrible. Miep’s accounts of these horrors are so heartrending, and Miep is also very distraught.’- Anne Frank, 9 October 1942


Documents regarding the imprisonment
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On 4 August 1944 those in hiding are arrested. Victor Kugler and Johannes Kleiman are also picked up. The other helpers are not arrested. 

The arrest

On 4 August 1944 those in hiding are arrested. Someone has betrayed them. Victor Kugler and Johannes Kleiman are picked up too.

Kugler and Kleiman are first taken to the House of Detention in Amsterdam and then sent to Amersfoort Camp.

Miep and Bep stay behind after the arrest and keep the business going. They don’t know where Kugler and Kleiman have been sent after the House of Detention.

After the intervention of the Red Cross Kleiman is allowed to go home owing to his health. He goes back to work at Opekta.

Kugler is put to work in Zwolle and then in Wageningen. He escapes in March 1945 and hides in his own home until the Liberation.














Otto is the only one to return

On 3 June 1945 Otto Frank returns to Amsterdam, the only one of those who went into hiding to survive. Back in Amsterdam he discovers to his great relief that all of the helpers are alive. 

After the arrest Bep sends this note to the LOI, the correspondence college where Margot did a Latin course using Bep’s name. She writes: ‘So much to my regret I cannot continue with the course.’
Pre-printed card from the House of Detention in Amsterdam where Victor Kugler is imprisoned, with the request ‘to send clean laundry’. By hand ‘shaving soap + brush’ have been added.
With this letter Miep tries to find out whether Kugler and Kleiman have been sent to Vught Camp. She ends with a PS: ‘If they’ve arrived, can I send a package and medicine immediately for the stomach patient?’
This is Johannes Kleiman’s registration form at Amersfoort Camp. It says on the card: ‘Arrived 11 September 1944. Discharged: 18 September 1944 to Heimatort (home)’.
Otto Frank Archief
A notebook of Otto Frank in which he describes his journey from Auschwitz to Amsterdam. On 3 June 1945 he writes: ‘What a joy to see each other and so much suffering! A weight off my mind that everyone’s here.’
Kugler en Kleiman na de oorlog
Photo from the 1950s of Johannes Kleiman and Victor Kugler in front of the door of no. 263 Prinsengracht.

The helpers of the Secret Annexe Until april 2015

Throws light on the important role played by the people who made it possible for the Franks to go into hiding


The helpers Without them it would have been impossible to go into hiding

They supply those in hiding with provisions and keep up their spirits


Everything is rationed Provisions are scarce during the war

The helpers organize coupons for those in hiding and shop for groceries 


Caring for those in hiding The helpers have many tasks

Such as writing to family members and keeping Otto’s businesses going


Arrested On 4 August 1944 those in hiding are arrested

Of the helpers Victor Kugler and Johannes Kleiman are also picked up