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1941 Jews allowed to do and less
Zuidelijke Wandelweg 45
Zuidelijke Wandelweg 45
Zuidelijke Wandelweg 45
Zuidelijke Wandelweg 45 [+] Enlarge map [-] Reduce map
Fotocollectie Anne Frank Stichting, Amsterdam

No sport for Margot

Margot is Anne Frank’s older sister. She’s the girl with the sunglasses, second from left in the back row.

In the Spring of 1941 Margot is member of the Temminck tennis club on the Zuidelijke Wandelweg. Several of Margot’s school friends from the Meisjeslyceum are also members.

Medal

Margot is a sporty girl. As well as tennis she also skates, swims and rows. She rows with school at the VBWJ club which is near the Berlagebrug on the Amstel river and close to her house. On 8 September 1940 she takes part with three friends in a rowing competition in Zaandam. They win a medal in the category ‘style rowing’ for girls 14-16 years old.

Sport forbidden

Just before the 1941 competitions Margot is no longer allowed to row with the club because she’s Jewish. Because of this her friends refuse to take part in the competitions. Jews in the Netherlands are allowed to do less and less. Initially the Nazis leave the Jews alone but this changes in October 1940. From 15 September 1941 Jews are no longer allowed to take part in public sport activities and from 1 November Jews are not allowed to be members of sport clubs.

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1938 Many Jewish refugees after Kristallnacht

Many Jewish refugees flee to the Netherlands after Kristallnacht. Princess Juliana also feels connected to the Jewish community. But while more attention is drawn to the admittance of more Jews, NSB members threaten more intervention.

1940 Amsterdam occupied

Nothing changes too much for the Frank family in the beginning. Opekta moves to the Prinsengracht. During air raids bombs cause death and injury in Amsterdam.

1940  Amsterdam occupied

1941 Jews allowed to do and less

It starts with a cinema ban but rapidly Jews are banned from virtually all public places. Jewish children must attend separate schools. This also applies to Anne and Margot Frank.

1941  Jews allowed to do and less

1942 It becomes more dangerous for Jews

On her thirteenth birthday Anne Frank receives a diary. A few days later she writes about the situation in Amsterdam. The introduction of the Jewish star and the raids. In July the Frank family goes into hiding.

1942  It becomes more dangerous for Jews

1943 Deportations and attacks

While the Frank family is in hiding thousands of Jews are deported from Amsterdam. The resistance tries to hinder the deportations by attacks including one on the Public Registry. It doesn’t stop them.

1943  Deportations and attacks

1944 Discovered and arrested

On 4 August the people in hiding in the secret annex are discovered and arrested. From Westerbork they are taken to Auschwitz. When the Allies land in the south of the Netherlands there is hope that the country will be liberated. German soldiers and NSB members flee the country after Dolle Dinsdag (‘Mad Tuesday’).

1944  Discovered and arrested

1945 Joy and sadness

A celebration at the Dam on 7 May is ruined when people are killed after German soldiers shoot at the crowd. On 8 May Amsterdam is officially liberated. Otto Frank returns. He knows that Edith is dead. He only hears later that his two daughters have not survived.

1945  Joy and sadness

1946 Slowly the threads are picked up again

On 3 May 1946 the first official commemoration for those who died during the war is held. Anne Frank’s diary is published on 25 June 1947. Life in Amsterdam slowly gets back to normal. Of the 70,000 Jews who lived in the city in 1940 only 10,000 have survived the war.

1950 Lasting memory

Even five years after the liberation the reverberations from the war are still clearly noticeable. The Jewish community thanks Amsterdam for the help given to Jews with a monument.

1950  Lasting memory
  • 1950
  • To those who protected the Dutch Jews during the years of the occupation. Protected by your love. Encouraged by your resistance. Mourning with you.

    Part of the citation on the monument ‘Jewish Gratitude’
  • picture:Once a year, two minutes silence

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View the most important places with their story from Anne Frank’s Amsterdam. Click to the Timeline and see how Amsterdam changed from being a safe haven in 1933 to an occupied city. Zoom in by clicking on the plus sign on the left. This way you can click more easily on the places on the map