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1944 Discovered and arrested
Leliegracht 58
Leliegracht 58
Leliegracht 58
Leliegracht 58 [+] Enlarge map [-] Reduce map
© Anne Frank Stichting

The greengrocer arrested

This photo shows Hendrik van Hoeve being arrested and taken away by the Nazis. The photo was taken during filming in 1958.

Hendrik van Hoeve is the reliable greengrocer who supplies potatoes for the people in hiding in the secret annex. He quietly delivers them to Miep Gies at the office. He suspects that they are for someone in hiding, but he doesn’t  know anything else.

A heavy blow

Van Hoeve also has people hiding in his home and when this is discovered he is arrested and deported by the Nazis on 25 May 1944. He is sent to concentration camp Neuengamme in the north of Germany.
When Anne Frank hears of this, she writes about it in her diary. She incorrectly spells his name as ‘van Hoeven’.

‘There’s something happening every day. This morning Mr van Hoeven was arrested. He was hiding two Jews in his house. It’s a heavy blow for us, not only because those Jews are once again balancing on the edge of an abyss, but also because it’s terrible for Mr van Hoeven. The world’s been turned upside down. The most decent people are being sent to concentration camps, prisons and lonely cells, while the lowest of the low rule over young and old, rich and poor.’

Van Hoeve returns

After Van Hoeve’s arrest his wife runs the shop on her own. She barely recognizes her husband when he returns after the liberation. He has been marked by camp life and is suffering from hunger oedema.

Re-enacted

Van Hoeve’s arrest can be seen in George Steven’s 1959 film "The Diary of Anne Frank". In this film Van Hoeve plays himself, but the location of the shop is different: the Staalstraat not the Leliegracht.

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Prinsengracht 263

On 1 December 1940, Otto Frank moves his business from the Singel to a larger building on the Prinsengracht at number 263 near the Westerkerk (church). From 6 July 1942 to 4 August 1944 the Frank family and four others hide in the secret annex behind this building.

More about this location More about this location

1938 Many Jewish refugees after Kristallnacht

Many Jewish refugees flee to the Netherlands after Kristallnacht. Princess Juliana also feels connected to the Jewish community. But while more attention is drawn to the admittance of more Jews, NSB members threaten more intervention.

1940 Amsterdam occupied

Nothing changes too much for the Frank family in the beginning. Opekta moves to the Prinsengracht. During air raids bombs cause death and injury in Amsterdam.

1940  Amsterdam occupied

1941 Jews allowed to do and less

It starts with a cinema ban but rapidly Jews are banned from virtually all public places. Jewish children must attend separate schools. This also applies to Anne and Margot Frank.

1941  Jews allowed to do and less

1942 It becomes more dangerous for Jews

On her thirteenth birthday Anne Frank receives a diary. A few days later she writes about the situation in Amsterdam. The introduction of the Jewish star and the raids. In July the Frank family goes into hiding.

1942  It becomes more dangerous for Jews

1943 Deportations and attacks

While the Frank family is in hiding thousands of Jews are deported from Amsterdam. The resistance tries to hinder the deportations by attacks including one on the Public Registry. It doesn’t stop them.

1943  Deportations and attacks

1944 Discovered and arrested

On 4 August the people in hiding in the secret annex are discovered and arrested. From Westerbork they are taken to Auschwitz. When the Allies land in the south of the Netherlands there is hope that the country will be liberated. German soldiers and NSB members flee the country after Dolle Dinsdag (‘Mad Tuesday’).

1944  Discovered and arrested

1945 Joy and sadness

A celebration at the Dam on 7 May is ruined when people are killed after German soldiers shoot at the crowd. On 8 May Amsterdam is officially liberated. Otto Frank returns. He knows that Edith is dead. He only hears later that his two daughters have not survived.

1945  Joy and sadness

1946 Slowly the threads are picked up again

On 3 May 1946 the first official commemoration for those who died during the war is held. Anne Frank’s diary is published on 25 June 1947. Life in Amsterdam slowly gets back to normal. Of the 70,000 Jews who lived in the city in 1940 only 10,000 have survived the war.

1950 Lasting memory

Even five years after the liberation the reverberations from the war are still clearly noticeable. The Jewish community thanks Amsterdam for the help given to Jews with a monument.

1950  Lasting memory
  • 1950
  • To those who protected the Dutch Jews during the years of the occupation. Protected by your love. Encouraged by your resistance. Mourning with you.

    Part of the citation on the monument ‘Jewish Gratitude’
  • picture:Once a year, two minutes silence

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Bird’s eye view of Anne Frank’s Amsterdam

View the most important places with their story from Anne Frank’s Amsterdam. Click to the Timeline and see how Amsterdam changed from being a safe haven in 1933 to an occupied city. Zoom in by clicking on the plus sign on the left. This way you can click more easily on the places on the map