After the start of the German occupation, the Jews in the Netherlands were gradually excluded from society. In 1941, signs started appearing in public spaces: ‘Forbidden for Jews’.
Sign ‘Forbidden for Jews’
Exclusion through anti-Jewish measures
‘Jews have to wear a Jewish star; Jews have to hand in their bicycles; Jews are not allowed in the tram; Jews are not allowed to ride in cars, not in private ones either; Jews are only allowed to do their shopping between 3 – 5, except in Jewish shops with a sign saying “Joods Locaal”.’
The sign was donated by the granddaughter of a woman who had taken it off the streets in the war, as a form of protest.