When the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, Fritz Pfeffer had a flourishing dental practice in Berlin. He was divorced and lived there with his son, Werner (6 years old). Fritz was a strict father, who valued discipline. He observed the Jewish holidays and adhered to the religious precepts.
After his divorce, Fritz became involved with Charlotte Kaletta, who was a Catholic. Charlotte recounted: ‘We lived in Berlin. My husband was Jewish; I am a Catholic. We would speak about the matter when speaking made us feel better, and we would say nothing about it when silence made us feel better.'